research at Baystate Medical Center

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Selected Publications from the Center for Quality of Care Research


  • Robinson E, Lagu T. TRANSFORM-ing Patient Safety Culture: A Universal Imperative. J Gen Intern Med. 2014 Dec 13. PubMed
  • Lagu T, Griffin C, Lindenauer PK. Ensuring Access to Health Care for Patients With Disabilities. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Dec 8. PubMed
  • Loh KP, Ramdass S, Garb JL, Brennan MJ, Lindenauer PK, Lagu T. From hospital to community: Use of antipsychotics in hospitalized elders. J Hosp Med. 2014 Dec.  PubMed
  • Stefan MS, Shieh MS, Pekow PS, Hill N, Rothberg MB, Lindenauer PK. Trends in Mechanical Ventilation among Patients Hospitalized with Acute Exacerbation of COPD in the United States, 2001 to 2011. Chest. 2014 Nov 6. PubMed
  • Goff S, Mazor KM, Ting HH, Kleppel R, Rothberg MB. How cardiologists present the benefits of percutaneous coronary interventions to patients with stable angina: a qualitative analysis. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Oct. PubMed
  • Lee SY, Friderici J, Stefan MS, Rothberg MB. Impact of the 2008 U.S. Preventative Services Task Force recommendation on frequency of prostate-specific antigen screening in older men. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014 Oct. PubMed
  • Pack QR, Squires RW, Lopez-Jimenez F, Lichtman SW, Rodriguez-Escudero JP, Zysek VN, Thomas RJ. The current and potential capacity for cardiac rehabilitation utilization in the United States. J Cardioplum Rehabil Prev. 2014 Sept –Oct. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK, Shieh MS, Pekow PS, Stefan MS. Use and outcomes associated with long-acting bronchodilators among patients hospitalized for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2014 Aug 28. PubMed
  • Goff SL, Mazor KM, Ting HH, Kleppel R, Rothberg MB. How Cardiologists Present the Benefits of Percutaneous Coronary Interventions to Patients With Stable Angina: A Qualitative Analysis. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Aug 25. PubMed
  • Leyenaar JK, Shieh MS, Lagu T, Pekow PS, Lindenauer PK. Variation and Outcomes Associated with Direct Hospital Admission Among Children With Pneumonia in the United States. JAMA Pediatr. 2014 Jul 07. PubMed
  • Lagu T, Stefan MS, Haessler S, Higgins TL, Rothberg MB, Nathanson BH, Hannon NS, Steingrub JS, Lindenauer PK. The impact of hospital-onset Clostridium difficile infection on outcomes of hospitalized patients with sepsis. J Hosp Med. 2014 Jul. PubMed
  • Raghunathan K, Shaw A, Nathanson B, Stürmer T, Brookhart A, Stefan MS, Setoguchi S, Beadles C, Lindenauer PK. Association Between the Choice of IV Crystalloid and In-Hospital Mortality Among Critically Ill Adults With Sepsis*. Crit Care Med. 2014 Jul. PubMed
  • Leyenaar JK, Lagu T, Shieh MS, Pekow PS, Lindenauer PK. Variation in Resource Utilization for the Management of Uncomplicated Community-Acquired Pneumonia across Community and Children's Hospitals. J Pediatr. 2014 Jun 25. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed
  • Lin FJ, Pickard AS, Krishnan JA, Joo MJ, Au DH, Carson SS, Gillespie S, Henderson AG, Lindenauer PK, McBurnie MA, Mularski RA, Naureckas ET, Vollmer WM, Lee TA; CONCERT Consortium. Measuring health-related quality of life in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: properties of the EQ-5D-5L and PROMIS-43 short form. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2014 Jun 16. PubMed
  • Lagu T, Zilberberg MD, Tjia J, Pekow PS, Lindenauer PK. Use of mechanical ventilation by patients with and without dementia, 2001 through 2011. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Jun 1. PubMed
  • Ogunneye O, Rothberg MB, Friderici J, Slawsky MT, Gadiraju VT, Stefan MS. The Association Between Skilled Nursing Facility Care Quality and 30-Day Readmission Rates After Hospitalization for Heart Failure. Am J Med Qual. 2014 Apr 15. PubMed
  • Suter LG, Li SX, Grady JN, Lin Z, Wang Y, Bhat KR, Turkmani D, Spivack SB, Lindenauer PK, Merrill AR, Drye EE, Krumholz HM, Bernheim SM. National Patterns of Risk-Standardized Mortality and Readmission After Hospitalization for Acute Myocardial Infarction, Heart Failure, and Pneumonia: Update on Publicly Reported Outcomes Measures Based on the 2013 Release. J Gen Intern Med. 2014 May 14. PubMed
  • Lagu T, Iezzoni LI, Lindenauer PK. The axes of access--improving care for patients with disabilities. N Engl J Med. 2014 May 8. PubMed
  • Bradford MA, Lindenauer PK, Wiener RS, Walkey AJ. Do-Not-Resuscitate Status and Observational Comparative Effectiveness Research in Patients With Septic Shock. Crit Care Med. 2014 May 7. PubMed
  • Kulkarni VT, Kim N, Dai Y, Dharmarajan K, Safavi KC, Bikdeli B,Lindenauer PK, Testani J, Dries DL, Krumholz HM. Hospital variation in noninvasive positive pressure ventilation for acute decompensated heart failure. Circ Heart Fail. 2014 May. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK, Stefan MS, Johnson KG, Priya A, Pekow PS, Rothberg MB. Prevalence, treatment, and outcomes associated with OSA among patients hospitalized with pneumonia. Chest. 2014 May. PubMed
  • Leyenaar JK, Lagu T, Shieh MS, Pekow PS, Lindenauer PK. Management and Outcomes of Pneumonia among Children with Complex Chronic Conditions. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2014 Apr 11. PubMed
  • Leyenaar JK, Shieh MS, Lagu T, Pekow PS, Lindenauer PK. Comparative effectiveness of ceftriaxone in combination with a macrolide compared with ceftriaxone alone for pediatric patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2014 Apr. PubMed
  • Goff SLKnee AMorello MGrow DBsat F. Handoff quality for obstetrical inpatients varies depending on time of day and provider type. J Reprod Med. 2014 Mar-Apr. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Pekow PS, Priya A, Lindenauer PK. Variation in diagnostic coding of patients with pneumonia and its association with hospital risk-standardized mortality rates: a cross-sectional analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2014 Mar 18. PubMed
  • Auerbach AD, Patel MS, Metlay JP, Schnipper JL, Williams MV, Robinson EJ, Kripalani S, Lindenauer PK. The Hospital Medicine Reengineering Network (HOMERuN): a learning organization focused on improving hospital care. Acad Med. 2014 Mar. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Pekow PS, Priya A, Zilberberg MD, Belforti R, Skiest D, Lagu T, Higgins TL, Lindenauer PK. Using highly detailed administrative data to predict pneumonia mortality. PLoS One. 2014 Jan 31. PubMed
  • Steingrub JS, Lagu T, Rothberg MB, Nathanson BH, Raghunathan K, Lindenauer PK. Treatment with neuromuscular blocking agents and the risk of in-hospital mortality among mechanically ventilated patients with severe sepsis. Crit Care Med. 2014 Jan. PubMed


  • Goff SL, Kleppel R, Lindenauer PK, Rothberg MB. Hospital workers’ perceptions of waste: a qualitative study involving photo-elicitation. BMJ Qual Saf. 2013 Oct. [PubMed]
  • Dharmarajan K, Strait KM, Lagu T, Lindenauer PK, Tinetti ME, Lynn J, Li SX, Krumholz HM. Acute decompensated heart failure is routinely treated as a cardiopulmonary syndrome. PLoS One. 2013 Oct 21. [PubMed]
  • Lindenauer PK, Grosso LM, Wang C, Wang Y, Krishnan JA, Lee TA, Au DH, Mularski RA, Bernheim SM, Drye EE. Development, validation, and results of a risk-standardized measure of hospital 30-day mortality for patients with exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 2013 Aug;8(8):428-35. Epub 2013 Jul 26. PubMed
  • Goff SL, Pekow PS, White KO, Lagu T, Mazor KM, Lindenauer PK. IDEAS for a healthy baby - reducing disparities in use of publicly reported quality data: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2013 Aug 7;14(1):244. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed
  • Mann E, Goff SL, Colon-Cartagena W, Bellantonio S, Rothberg MB. Do-Not-Hospitalize Orders for Individuals with Advanced Dementia: Healthcare Proxies' Perspectives. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Jul 26. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed
  • Benjamin EM, Klugman RA, Luckmann R, Fairchild DG, Abookire SA. Impact of Cardiac Telemetry on Patient Safety and Cost. Am J Manag Care. 2013;19(6):e225-e232. PubMed
  • Lagu T, Krumholz HM, Dharmarajan K, Partovian C, Kim N, Mody PS, Li SX, Strait KM, Lindenauer PK. Spending more, doing more, or both? An alternative method for quantifying utilization during hospitalizations. J Hosp Med. 2013 Jun 12. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed
  • Goff SL, Kleppel R, Lindenauer PK, Rothberg MB. Hospital workers' perceptions of waste: a qualitative study involving photo-elicitation. BMJ Qual Saf. 2013 Jun 8. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed
  • Ghaoui R, Friderici J, Visintainer P, Lindenauer PK, Lagu T, Desilets D. Measurement of the quality of care of patients admitted with decompensated cirrhosis. Liver Int. 2013 May 20. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK. Strengthening the Business Case for Patient Safety. Perspectives on Safety. AHRQ WebM&M: Morbidity and Mortality Rounds on the Web. 2013 May. AHRQ WebM&M
  • Auerbach AD, Vittinghoff E, Maselli J, Pekow PS, Young JQ, Lindenauer PK. Perioperative Use of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors and Risks for Adverse Outcomes of Surgery. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Apr 29:1-7. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Herzig SJ, Pekow PS, Avrunin J, Lagu T, Lindenauer PK. Association Between Sedating Medications and Delirium in Older Inpatients. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Apr 30. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed
  • Tabak YP, Sun X, Johannes RS, Hyde L, Shorr AF, Lindenauer PK. Development and Validation of a Mortality Risk-Adjustment Model for Patients Hospitalized for Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Med Care. 2013 Apr 17. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed
  • Kaufman EJ, Lagu T, Hannon NS, Sagi J, Rothberg MB. Mythmaking in Medical Education and Medical Practice. Eur J Intern Med. 2013 Apr;24(3):222-6. Epub 2013 Jan 9. PubMed 
  • Lagu T, Hannon NS, Rothberg MB, Green KL, Wells A, Green KL, Windom MO, Dempsey KR, Pekow PS, Chen A, Lindenauer PK. Access to Subspecialty Care for Patients Who Use Wheelchairs: A Survey. Ann Intern Med. 2013 Mar 19;158(6):441-446. PubMed
  • Walkey AJ, Wiener RS, Lindenauer PK. Utilization Patterns and Outcomes Associated With Central Venous Catheter in Septic Shock: A Population-Based Study. Crit Care Med. 2013 Mar 15. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed
  • Stefan MS, Pekow PS, Nsa W, Priya A, Miller LE, Bratzler DW, Rothberg MB, Goldberg RJ, Baus K, Lindenauer PK. Hospital Performance Measures and 30-day Readmission Rates. J Gen Intern Med. 2013 Mar;28(3):377-85. Epub 2012 Oct 16. PubMed
  • Safavi KC, Dharmarajan K, Kim N, Strait KM, Li SX, Chen SI, Lagu T, Krumholz HM. Variation Exists in Rates of Admission to Intensive Care Units for Heart Failure Patients across Hospitals in the United States. Circulation. 2013 Feb 26;127(8):923-9. Epub 2013 Jan 25. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK, Lagu T, Rothberg MB, Avrunin J, Pekow PS, Wang Y, Krumholz HM. Income inequality and 30 day outcomes after acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, and pneumonia: retrospective cohort study. BMJ. 2013 Feb 14;346:f521. PubMed
  • Stefan MS, Shieh MS, Pekow PS, Rothberg MB, Steingrub JS, Lagu T, Lindenauer PK. Epidemiology and outcomes of acute respiratory failure in the United States, 2001 to 2009: A national survey. J Hosp Med. 2013 Feb;8(2):76-82. Epub 2013 Jan 18. PubMed
  • Krishnan JA, Lindenauer PK, Au DH, Carson SS, Lee TA, McBurnie MA, Naureckas ET, Vollmer WM, Mularski RA. Stakeholder Priorities for Comparative Effectiveness Research in COPD: a Workshop Report. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013 Feb 1;187(3):320-6. Epub 2012 Nov 15. PubMed
  • Goff SL, Pekow PS, Avrunin J, Lagu T, Markenson G, Lindenauer PK. Patterns of Obstetric Infection Rates in a Large Sample of US Hospitals. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2013 Feb 5. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed
  • Lagu T, Goff SL, Hannon NS, Shatz A, Lindenauer PK. A mixed-methods analysis of patient reviews of hospital care in England: implications for public reporting of health care quality data in the United States. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2013 Jan;39(1):7-15. PubMed
  • Stefan MS, Rothberg MB, Shieh MS, Pekow PS, Lindenauer PK. Association between Antibiotic Treatment and Outcomes in Patients Hospitalized with Acute Exacerbation of COPD Treated with Systemic Steroids. Chest. 2013 Jan;143(1):82-90. Epub 2012 Jul 10. PubMed


  • Stefan MS, Rothberg MB, Priya A, Pekow PS, Au DH, Lindenauer PK. Association between β-blocker therapy and outcomes in patients hospitalised with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive lung disease with underlying ischaemic heart disease, heart failure or hypertension. Thorax. 2012 Nov;67(11):977-84. Epub 2012 Aug 31. PubMed
  • Zilberberg M, Lindenauer P, Pekow P, Priya A, Brown R, Belforti R, Haessler S, Lagu T, Skiest D, Rothberg M. HCAP Criteria Identify Pneumonia Patients at Increased Risk of Death Independent of Other Illness Severity Markers. Chest. 2012 Oct 1;142(4_MeetingAbstracts):136A. PubMed
  • Stefan M, Pekow P, Shieh MS, Rothberg M, Steingrub J, Lindenauer P. Epidemiology and Outcomes of Acute Respiratory Failure in Hospitalized Patients in the United States, 2001 - 2009. Chest. 2012 Oct 1;142(4_MeetingAbstracts):727A. PubMed
  • Chopra V, Rogers MA, Buist M, Govindan S, Lindenauer PK, Saint S, Flanders SA. Is Statin Use Associated with Reduced Mortality After Pneumonia? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Am J Med. 2012 Nov;125(11):1111-23. Epub 2012 Jul 24. PubMed
  • Partovian C, Gleim SR, Mody PS, Li SX, Wang H, Strait KM, Allen LA, Lagu T, Normand SL, Krumholz HM. Hospital Patterns of Use of Positive Inotropic Agents in Patients With Heart Failure. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Oct 9;60(15):1402-9. Epub 2012 Sep 5. PubMed
  • Goff SL, Pekow PS, Markenson G, Knee A, Chasan-Taber L, Lindenauer PK. Validity of using ICD-9-CM codes to identify selected categories of obstetric complications, procedures and comorbidities. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2012 Sep;26(5):421-9. Epub 2012 Jul 23. PubMed
  • Lagu T, Rothberg MB, Shieh MS, Pekow PS, Steingrub JS, Lindenauer PK. What is the best method for estimating the burden of severe sepsis in the United States? J Crit Care. 2012 Aug;27(4):414.e1-9. Epub 2012 Apr 17. PubMed
  • Lagu T, Rothberg MB, Nathanson BH, Pekow PS, Steingrub JS, Lindenauer PK. Variation in the care of septic shock: The impact of patient and hospital characteristics. J Crit Care 2012 Aug;27(4):329-36. Epub 2012 Feb 1. PubMed
  • Lagu T, Higgins TL, Nathanson BH, Lindenauer PK. Incorporating initial treatments improves the performance of a mortality prediction model based on administrative data. Crit Care Med. 2012 Jul;40(7):2268-9. PubMed
  • Goodrich K, Krumholz HM, Conway PH, Lindenauer PK, Auerbach AD. Hospitalist utilization and hospital performance on 6 publicly reported patient outcomes. J Hosp Med. 2012 Jul-Aug;7(6):482-8. Epub 2012 Jun 11. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Pekow PS, Lahti M, Lindenauer PK. Comparative effectiveness of low-molecular-weight heparin versus unfractionated heparin for thromboembolism prophylaxis for medical patients. J Hosp Med. 2012 Jul-Aug;7(6):457-63. Epub 2012 Apr 2. PubMed
  • Haessler S, Bhagavan A, Kleppel R, Hinchey K, Visintainer P. Getting doctors to clean their hands: lead the followers. BMJ Qual Saf. 2012 Jun;21(6):499-502. Epub 2012 Feb 22. PubMed
  • Morsi E, Lindenauer PK, Rothberg MB.Primary care physicians' use of publicly reported quality data in hospital referral decisions. J Hosp Med. 2012 May-Jun;7(5):370-5. Epub 2012 Feb 29. PubMed
  • Chen SI, Dharmarajan K, Kim N, Strait KM, Li SX, Safavi KC, Lindenauer PK, Krumholz HM, Lagu T. Procedure Intensity and the Cost of Care. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2012 May;5(3):308-13. Epub 2012 May 10. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK, Lagu T, Shieh MS, Pekow PS, Rothberg MB. Association of diagnostic coding with trends in hospitalizations and mortality of patients with pneumonia, 2003-2009. JAMA. 2012 Apr 4;307(13):1405-13. PubMed
  • Lagu T, Rothberg MB, Shieh MS, Pekow PS, Steingrub J, Lindenauer PK. Hospitalizations, Costs, and Outcomes of Severe Sepsis in the United States, 2003 to 2007. Crit Care Med. 2012 Mar;40(3):754-61. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Bigelow C, Pekow PS, Lindenauer PK. Association between statins given in hospital and mortality in pneumonia patients. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Mar;27(3):280-6. Epub 2011 Aug 13. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Steele JR, Wheeler J, Arora A, Priya A, Lindenauer PK. The Relationship Between Time Spent Communicating and Communication Outcomes on a Hospital Medicine Service. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Feb;27(2):185-9. Epub 2011 Sep 16. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Belforti R, Fitzgerald J, Friderici J, Keyes M. Four years' experience with a hospitalist-led medical emergency team: An interrupted time series. J Hosp Med. 2012 Feb;7(2):98-103. Epub 2011 Oct 13. PubMed
  • Mularski RA, McBurnie MA, Lindenauer PK, Lee TA, Vollmer WM, Au DH, Carson SS, Krishnan JA. Comparative effectiveness research in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. J Comp Eff Res. 2012 Jan;1(1):71-82. PubMed


  • Stefan MS, Bannuru RR, Lessard D, Gore JM, Lindenauer PK, Goldberg RJ.The Impact of COPD on Management and Outcomes of Patients Hospitalized with Acute Myocardial Infarction - A Ten-Year Retrospective Observational Study. Chest2011 Dec 29. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed
  • Carey KM, Cross JE, Silva MA, Stefan MS, Rothberg MB. Pharmacy student impact on inappropriate prescribing of acid suppressive therapy. Am J Pharm Educ. 2011 Nov 10;75(9):175. PubMed
  • Stefan MS, Belforti RK, Langlois G, Rothberg MB. A simulation-based program to train medical residents to lead and perform advanced cardiovascular life support. Hosp Pract (Minneap). 2011 Nov;39(4):63-9. PubMed
  • Lagu T, Lindenauer PK, Rothberg MB, Nathanson BH, Pekow PS, Steingrub J, Higgins TL. Development and Validation of a Model that Uses Enhanced Administrative Data to Predict Mortality in Patients with Sepsis. Crit Care Med. 2011 Nov;39(11):2425-30. PubMed
  • Finlayson E, Maselli J, Steinman MA, Rothberg MB, Lindenauer PK, Auerbach AD. Inappropriate Medication Use in Older Adults Undergoing Surgery: A National Study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011 Nov;59(11):2139-44. Epub 2011 Aug 30. PubMed
  • Lagu T, Greysen SR. Physician, monitor thyself: professionalism and accountability in the use of social media. J Clin Ethics. 2011;22(2):187-90. PubMed
  • Fang MC, Maselli J, Lurie JD, Lindenauer PK, Pekow PS, Auerbach AD. Use and outcomes of venous thromboembolism prophylaxis after spinal fusion surgery. J Thromb Haemost. 2011 Jul;9(7):1318-25 PubMed.
  • Wartak SA, Friderici J, Lotfi A, Verma A, Kleppel R, Naglieri-Prescod D, Rothberg MB. Patients' Knowledge of Risk and Protective Factors for Cardiovascular Disease. Am J Cardiol. 2011 May 15;107(10):1480-8. Epub 2011 Mar 15. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Lindenauer PK, Lahti M, Pekow PS, Selker HP. Risk factor model to predict venous thromboembolism in hospitalized medical patients. J Hosp Med. 2011 Apr;6(4):134-41. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK, Normand ST, Drye EE, et al. Development, validation, and results of a measure of 30-day readmission following hospitalization for pneumonia. J Hosp Med. 2011 Mar;6(3):142-50. PubMed
  • Lagu T, Rothberg MB, Nathanson BH, Pekow PS, Steingrub JS, Lindenauer PK. The relationship between hospital spending and mortality in patients with sepsis. Arch Intern Med. 2011 Feb 28;171(4):292-9. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Arora A, Hermann J, Kleppel R, St Marie P, Visintainer P. Phantom vibration syndrome among medical staff: a cross sectional survey. BMJ. 2010 Dec 15;341:c6914 PubMed


  • Bozic KJ, Maselli J, Pekow PS, Lindenauer PK, Vail TP, Auerbach AD. The influence of procedure volumes and standardization of care on quality and efficiency in total joint replacement surgery. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2010 Nov;92(16):2643-52. PubMed
  • Hussain S, Stefan M, Rothberg MB. Why do physicians prescribe stress ulcer prophylaxis to general medicine patients? South Med J. 2010 Nov;103(11):1103-10. PubMed
  • Auerbach AD, Maselli J, Carter J, Pekow PS, Lindenauer PK. The relationship between case volume, care quality, and outcomes of complex cancer surgery. J Am Coll Surg. 2010 Nov;211(5):601-8. Epub 2010 Sep 15. PubMed
  • Fitzgerald J. Venous thromboembolism: have we made headway? Orthop Nurs.2010 Jul-Aug;29(4):226-34; quiz 235-6. PubMed
  • Lagu T and Lindenauer PK. Putting the public back in public reporting. JAMA. 2010 Oct 20;304(15):1711-2. PubMed
  • Stefan MS, Blackwell JM, Crawford KM. Patients' attitudes toward and factors predictive of human immunodeficiency virus testing in academic medical clinics. Am J Med Sci. 2010 Oct;340(4):264-7. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Sivalingam SK, Ashraf J, Visintainer P, Joelson J, Kleppel R, Vallurupalli N, Schweiger MJ. Patients' and cardiologists' perceptions of the benefits of percutaneous coronary intervention for stable coronary disease. Ann Intern Med. 2010 Sep 7;153(5):307-13. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK, Bernheim SM, Grady JN, et al. The performance of US hospitals as reflected in risk-standardized 30-day mortality and readmission rates for medicare beneficiaries with pneumonia. J Hosp Med. 2010;5:E12-8. PubMed
  • Kent DM and Lindenauer PK. Aggregating and disaggregating patients in clinical trials and their subgroup analyses. Ann Intern Med. 2010 Jul 6;153(1):51-2. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Cohen J, Lindenauer PK, Maselli J, Auerbach AD. Little evidence of correlation between growth in health care spending and reduced mortality. Health Aff. 2010; 29(8):1523-1531. PubMed
  • Auerbach AD, Hilton JF, Maselli J, Pekow PS, Rothberg MB, Lindenauer PK. Case-volume, quality of care, and care efficiency in coronary artery bypass surgery. Arch Intern Med. 2010;170(14):1202-1208. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK, Pekow PS, Lahti MC, Lee Y, Benjamin EM, Rothberg MB. Association of corticosteroid dose and route of administration with risk of treatment failure in acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. JAMA. 2010;303(23):2359-2367. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Pekow P, Lahti M, Brody O, Skiest D, Lindenauer P. Comparative effectiveness of macrolides and quinolones for patients hospitalized with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. J Hosp Med. 2010 May-Jun;5(5):261-7. PubMed
  • Stein BD, Charbeneau JT, Lee TA, Schumock GT, Lindenauer PK, Bautista A, Lauderdale DS, Naureckas ET, Krishnan JA. Hospitalizations for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: how you count matters. COPD. 2010 Jun; 7(3):164-71. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Lahti M, Pekow PS, Lindenauer PK. Venous thromboembolism prophylaxis among medical patients at US hospitals. J Gen Intern Med. 2010;Jun; 25(6):489-94. PubMed
  • Klugman R, Allen L, Benjamin E, Fitzgerald J, Ettinger W. Mortality rates as a measure of quality and safety, “caveat emptor.” Am J Med Qual. 2010;May-Jun; 25(3):197-201. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Pekow PS, Lahti M, Brody O, Skiest D, Lindenauer PK. Antibiotic therapy and treatment failure in patients hospitalized for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. JAMA. 2010;May 26; 303(20):2035-42. PubMed
  • Lagu T, Hannon NS, Rothberg MB, Lindenauer PK. Patients’ evaluations of health care providers in the era of social networking: an analysis of physician-rating websites. J Gen Intern Med. 2010 Sep;25(9):942-6. PubMed
  • Jennings LA, Auerbach AD, Maselli J, Pekow PS, Lindenauer PK, Lee SJ. Missed opportunities for osteoporosis treatment in patients hospitalized for hip fracture. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010 Apr; 58(4):650-7. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK, Rothberg MB, Nathanson BH, Pekow PS, Steingrub JS. Activated protein C and hospital mortality in septic shock: a propensity-matched analysis. Crit Care Med. 2010 Apr; 38(4):1101-7. PubMed
  • Haessler S, Connelly NR, Kanter G, Fitzgerald J, Scales ME, Golubchik A, Albert M, Gibson C. A surgical site infection cluster: the process and outcome of an investigation: impact of alcohol-based surgical antisepsis product and human behavior. Anesth Analg. 2010 Apr 1; 110(4):1044-8. PubMed 
  • Belforti RK, Wall MS, Lindenauer PK, Pekow PS, Rothberg, MB. International Outsourcing of Medical Research by High Income Countries: Changes from 1995 to 2005. J Investig Med. 2010 Feb; 58(2):287-94. PubMed


  • Rothberg MB, Benjamin EM, Lindenauer PK. Public reporting of hospital quality: recommendations to benefit patients and hospitals. J Hosp Med. 2009 Nov; 4 (9):541-5. PubMed
  • Peto RP, Tenerowicz LM, Benjamin EM, Morsi DS. One system’s journey in creating a disclosure and apology program. Joint Comm J Qual Pt Saf. 2009 Oct; 35(10):487-496. PubMed
  • Bozic KJ, Vail TP, Pekow PS, Maselli JH, Lindenauer PK, Auerbach AD. Does Aspirin Have a Role in Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis in Total Knee Arthroplasty Patients? J Arthroplasty. 2009 Aug 11. PubMed
  • Fitzgerald, JL. Using Standardized Processes to Improve Adherence to Evidence-Based Protocols for Heart Failure Patients. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Health Care Innovations Exchange Web site Aug 30. 2009
  • Auerbach AD, Hilton J, Maselli J, Pekow PS, Rothberg MB, Lindenauer PK. Shop for quality or volume? Volume, quality, and outcomes of coronary artery bypass surgery. Ann Intern Med. 2009 May; 150 (10): 696-704. PubMed
  • Fitzgerald JL. Resisting surgical infections, cover story; case in point. J Case Manag Society Am. 2009;Feb/March 2-9.
  • Arshad S, Rothberg M, Rastegar DA, Spooner L, Skiest D. Survey of physician knowledge regarding antiretroviral medications in hospitalized HIV-infected patients. J Int AIDS Soc. 2009 Feb 2; 12(1):1. PubMed
  • Benjamin EM, Abookire S, Sands K. Using hospital standardized mortality ratios for public reporting: a comment by the consortium of chief quality officers: consortium of chief quality officers. Am J Med Quality. 2009; 24(2):164-5. PubMed
  • Lagu T, Weiner MG, Hollenbeak CS, Eachus S, Tang SK, Schwartz JS, Turner BJ. Effect of patient comorbidities on filling of antihypertensive prescriptions. Am J Manag Care. 2009; 15(1):24-30. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK. Transparency as a strategy to improve the value of hospital care. The healthcare imperative: lowering costs and improving outcomes, strategies that work (IOM Roundtable on Evidence-Based Medicine). 2009 National Academies. IOM


  • Sabin JE, Mazor K, Meterko V, Goff SL, Platt R. Comparing drug effectiveness at health plans: the ethics of cluster randomized trials. Hastings Cent Rep. 2008;Sep-Oct;38(5):39-48. PubMed
  • Goff, SL, Feld A, Andrade SE, et al. Use of administrative data to identify patients with irritable bowel syndrome. J Clin Epidemiol. 2008;Jun;61(6):617-621. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Bonner AB, Rajab MH, Kim HS, Stechenberg BW, Rose DN. Do pediatricians manage influenza differently than internists? BMC Pediatrics. 2008;8:15 (24Apr2008). PubMed
  • Brotman DJ, Lindenauer PK. Length of stay in pulmonary embolism; high time for evidence-based discharge criteria [editorial]. Arch Intern Med. 2008;Apr 14;168(7):683-684. PubMed
  • Lagu T, Weiner MG, Hollenbeak CS, Eachus S, Roberts CS, Schwartz JS, Turner BJ. The impact of concordant and discordant conditions on the quality of care for hyperlipidemia. J Gen Intern Med. 2008;23(8):1208-1213. PubMed
  • Lagu T, Kaufman EJ, Asch DA, Armstrong K. Content of weblogs written by health professionals. J Gen Intern Med. 2008;23(10):1642-1646. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK. Who do you want caring for your parent [editorial]? J Hosp Med. 2008;3(3):179-180. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK, Shojania K. The era of big performance measurement. Here at last [editorial]? Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2008;34(6):307-308. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK. Effects of quality improvement collaboratives [editorial]. BMJ. 2008;336:1448-1449. PubMed
  • Rothberg MR, Pekow PS, Liu F, Korc-Grodzicki B, Brennan MJ, Bellantonio S, Heelon M, Lindenauer PK. Potentially inappropriate medication use in hospitalized elders. J Hosp Med. 2008;3:91-102. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Morsi E, Benjamin EM, Pekow PS, Lindenauer PK. Choosing the best hospital: the limitations of public reporting of hospital quality. Health Aff. 2008;27(6):1680-1687. PubMed


  • Fitzgerald J, Kanter G, Trelease R, Benjamin EM. Reducing surgical complications. Nurs Manag. 2007;Nov;38(11):35-39. PubMed
  • Fitzgerald J, Kanter G, Benjamin E. Preventing surgical complications. Joint Comm J Pt Qual Pt Saf. 2007 Nov;22(11):666-671. PubMed
  • Heelon M, Skeist D, Tereso G, Meade L, Weeks J, Pekow P, Rothberg MB. A clinical pharmacist intervention reduces duration of antiretroviral errors in hospitalized patients. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2007;Oct 1;64(19):2064-2068. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Virapongse A, Smith KJ. Cost-effectiveness of a vaccine to prevent herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia in older adults. Clin Infect Dis. 2007;May 15;44(10):1280-1288. PubMed
  • Kanter G, Connelly N, Fitzgerald J. Antibiotics in one hour—the clock is ticking [invited commentary]. Anaesth Newsl. 2007;May;71(5). ASA
  • Lindenauer PK, Remus D, Roman S, Rothberg MB, Benjamin EM, Ma A, Bratzler DW. The impact of public reporting and pay-for-performance on hospital quality improvement. New Engl J Med. 2007;Feb 1;356:486-496. PubMed
  • Gania S, Lee, KF, Merrill A, Lee MH, Bellantonio S, Brennan M, Lindenauer PK. Adverse outcomes of geriatric abdominal surgical patients at high risk for delirium. Arch Surg. 2007;142(11):1072-1078. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK, Rothberg MB, Pekow PS, Kenwood C, Benjamin EM, Auerbach AD. Outcomes of patients treated by hospitalists, general internists, and family physicians. N Engl J Med. 2007;357:2589-2600. PubMed


  • Kanter G, Connelly N, Fitzgerald J. System redesign to optimize antibiotic delivery. Anesth Analg. 2006 Dec;103(6):1517-1521. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK. Unintended consequences of public reporting of hospital quality [editorial]. AHRQ Web M & M; Spotlight case. November 2006. Available at AHRQ
  • Lindenauer PK, Ling D, Hoople N, Crawford AS, Pekow P, Fitzgerald J, Benjamin EM. Physician characteristics, attitudes, and use of computerized order entry. J Hosp Med. 2006;Aug;1(4)221-230. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK, Pekow P, Gao S, Crawford, AS, Benjamin G, Benjamin EM. Quality of care for patients hospitalized for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Ann Intern Med. 2006;June;144(12):894-903. PubMed
  • Rothberg M. Savings from Canadian internet pharmacies are limited. Ann Intern Med. 2006;Feb 7;144(3):224. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Bonner AB, Rajab MH, Kim HS, Stechenberg BW, Rose DN. Effects of local variation, specialty and beliefs on antiviral prescribing for influenza. Clin Infect Dis. 2006;Jan 1;42(1):95-99. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK, Behal R, Murray CK, Nsa W, Houk P, Bratzler D. Volume, quality of care, and outcome in pneumonia. Ann Intern Med. 2006;144:262-269. PubMed


  • Carr PL,* Rothberg MB,* Pliskin JS, Felsenstein D, Friedman RH. "Shotgun" versus sequential testing. Cost-effectiveness of diagnostic strategies for vaginitis. J Gen Intern Med. 2005;Sep;20(9):793-799. *co-first authors PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK. Moved too soon [editorial]. AHRQ Web M&M. 2004 Oct. AHRQ
  • Rothberg MB, Rose, DN. Vaccination versus treatment of influenza in working adults: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Am J Med. 2005;118(1):68-77. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB. Cost-effective approaches to influenza prevention and treatment. Expert rev. Pharmacoeconomics Outcomes Res. 2005;5(2):141-152.
  • Rothberg MB, Abraham I, Lindenauer PK, Rose DN. Improving nurse to patient staffing ratios as a cost-effective safety intervention. Med Care. 2005;43(8):785-791. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Celestin C, Fiore LD, Lawler E, Cook J. Warfarin plus aspirin for patients with history of myocardial infarction or acute coronary syndrome: meta-analysis with estimates of risk and benefit. Ann Int Med. 2005;143:241-250. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB. Cost-effectiveness of clopidogrel plus aspirin versus aspirin alone. Ann Int Med. 2005;143:464. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Fisher D, Kelly B, Rose DN. Management of influenza symptoms in children: cost-effectiveness of rapid testing and antiviral therapy. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2005;159(11):1055-1062. PubMed
  • Henneman PL, Blank, FSJ, Smithline, HA, Haiping L, Santoro, JS, Schmidt, J, Benjamin, EM, Henneman, EA. Voluntarily reported emergency department errors. J of Patient Safety. 2005;126-132.
  • Lindenauer PK, Pekow P, Wang K, Mamidi DK, Gutierrez B, Benjamin EM. Perioperative beta-blocker therapy and mortality after major noncardiac surgery. N Engl J Med. 2005;353:349-361. PubMed


  • Mertens WC, Hoople NE, Rodrigues C, Lindenauer PK, Benjamin EM. Association of admission date with cancer patient survival at a regional hospice: Utility of a statistical process control analysis. Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2004 Jul/Aug;21(4):275-84. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK, Mathews, MC, Ntuli, TS, Pekow P, Fitzgerald, J, Benjamin, EM. Use of antihypertensive agents in the management of patients with acute ischemic stroke. Neurology. 2004;Jul;63:318-323. PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, Wong JB. All dysuria is local: a cost-effectiveness model for designing site-specific management algorithms. J Gen Intern Med. 2004;19:433-443. PubMed
  • Rothberg M. Prioritizing influenza vaccination. JAMA. 2004;292:2582-2583. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK, Pekow, P, Gutierrez, B, Benjamin E. Lipid treatment and mortality among patients undergoing major non cardiac surgery. JAMA. 2004;291:2092-2099. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK. Industrialization and its discontents [editorial]. Commentary on Rastegar D. Health care becomes an industry. Ann Fam Med. 2004(2):79-83. AFM
  • Lindenauer PK, Fitzgerald J, Hoople N, Benjamin EM. The potential preventability of postoperative myocardial infarction: underuse of perioperative beta-adrenergic blockade. Arch Intern Med. 2004;164:762-766. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK. Commentary on Ferguson TB Jr, Peterson ED, Coombs LP, Eiken MC, Carey ML, Grover FL, DeLong ER; Society of Thoracic Surgeons and the National Cardiac Database. Use of continuous quality improvement to increase use of process measures in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a randomized controlled trial [editorial]. JAMA. 2003 Jul 2;290(1):49-56. Evid Based Health Care 2004;8:1-3.


  • Rothberg MB, Bellantonio S, Rose DN. Management of influenza in older adults: cost-effectiveness of rapid testing and antiviral therapy. Ann Intern Med. 2003;39:321-329. [Summarized in ACP annual Update in General Medicine and in Mosby’s 2004 Yearbook of Medicine] PubMed
  • Rothberg MB, He S, Rose DN. Management of influenza symptoms in healthy adults: cost-effectiveness of rapid testing and antiviral therapy. J Gen Intern Med. 2003:18(10):807-814. [Summarized in Mosby’s 2005 Yearbook of Family Medicine]. PubMed
  • Fordyce J, Blank D, Benjamin E, Henneman P. Errors in a busy emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 2003;4-33. PubMed
  • Mertens WC, Higby DJ, Brown D, Parisi R, Fitzgerald J, Benjamin E, Lindenauer PK. Improving the care of patients with chemotherapy-induced nausea and emesis: the effect of feedback to clinicians on adherence to antiemetic prescribing guidelines. Am J Clin Oncol. 2003;21:1373-1378. PubMed


  • Lindenauer PK, Chehabeddine R, Fitzgerald J, Pekow P, Benjamin EM. Quality of care for patients hospitalized with heart failure: assessing the impact of hospitalists. Arch Intern Med. 2002;June 10;162(11):1251-1256. PubMed
  • Rothberg M, Bennish ML, Wong JB. Do the benefits of varicella vaccination outweigh the long-term risks? A decision-analytic model for policymakers and pediatricians. Clin Infect Dis. 2002;Apr 1;34(7):885-894. PubMed
  • Benjamin EM, Bradley R. Systematic implementation of customized guidelines: the staged diabetes management approach. JCOM. 2002 Feb;9(2):81-86.
  • Schmidt M, Lindenauer PK, Fitzgerald JL, Benjamin EM. Forecasting the clinical impact of a practice guideline for perioperative beta-blockers to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Arch Intern Med. 2002;162:63-69. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK, Benjamin EM, Naglieri-Prescod D, Fitzgerald J, Pekow P. The role of the institutional review board in quality improvement; a survey of quality officers, institutional review board chairs and journal editors. Am J Med. 2002;113(7):575-579. PubMed


  • Rolka DB, Narayan V, Thompson TJ, Goldman D, Lindenmayer J, Alich K, Bacall D, Benjamin E, Lamb B, Stuart D, Engelgau M. Performance of recommended screening tests for undiagnosed diabetes and dysglycemia. Diabetes Care. 2001 Nov;24(11):1899-1903. PubMed
  • Pantilat SZ, Lindenauer PK, Katz PP, Wachter RM. Primary care physician attitudes regarding communication with hospitalists. Amer J Med. 2001;111(9B):15-20. PubMed


  • Auerbach AD, Nelson EA, Lindenauer PK, Pantilat SZ, Katz PP, Wachter RM. Physician attitudes toward and prevalence of the hospitalist model of care: results of a national survey. Am J Med. 2000;109:548-653. PubMed


  • Benjamin EM, Schneider M, Hinchey KT. Implementing clinical practice guidelines for diabetes. Diabetes Care. 1999 Oct;22(10):1672-1678. PubMed
  • Lindenauer PK, Pantilat SZ, Wachter RM. Hospitalists and the practice of inpatient medicine; results of a survey of the national association of inpatient physicians. Ann Intern Med. 1999;130:343-349. PubMed
  • Lurie JD, Miller DP, Lindenauer PK, Wachter RM, Sox HC. The potential size
    of the hospitalist workforce. Am J Med. 1999;106:441-445. PubMed