Medical oncologists are specialists in internal medicine who have had further training. This training involves the specialized knowledge of how to:
- Use chemotherapy
- Manage pain
- Address nutritional problems
- Deal with the side effects of cancer treatment
- Handle other problems a cancer patient may have.
Most medical oncologists have contacts with national cooperative groups and specialized cancer treatment centers.
Medical oncologists are skilled at putting together plans of treatment that involve combining different methods of treating cancer to get the best result while minimizing side effects. As internal medicine specialists, they can best
- Determine how the cancer treatment will interact with the physical and psychological health of the patient
- Make allowances for this.