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Common NICU Medications

Acetaminophen(Tylenol) - Used to treat pain or fever

 

Acyclovir - Used to treat Herpes virus infection

 

Albuterol - Used to treat wheezing or tightness in BPD

 

Amphotericin B - Used to treat fungal infection

 

Ampicillin - An antibiotic used to treat a bacterial infection 

 

Caffeine - Used to treat apnea 

 

Calcium Gluconate - Calcium supplement

 

Captopril - Used to treat high blood pressure

 

Cefapime - An antibiotic used to treat a bacterial infection

 

Cefazolin - An antibiotic used to treat a bacterial infection

 

Cefotaxime - An antibiotic used to treat a bacterial infection

 

Ceftazidime - An antibiotic used to treat a bacterial infection

 

Ceftriaxone - An antibiotic used to treat a bacterial infection

 

Chloral Hydrate - Used for sedation (making baby more relaxed)

 

Chlorothiazide(Diuril) - Increases urine (diuretic)

 

Clindamycin - An antibiotic used to treat a bacterial infection

 

Clotrimazole - Cream used to treat fungal infection of the skin

 

Cimetidine(Tagamet) - Treats or prevents stomach irritation or bleeding 

 

Dexamethasone(Decadron) - A steroid used to treat or prevent BPD or given to mother before birth to lower risk for BPD and IVH

 

Digoxin - Used to strengthen heart beat; helps heart pump

 

Dobutamine - Used to treat low blood pressure; helps the heart pump

 

Dopamine - Used to treat low blood pressure; used to increase blood flow to kidneys and gut

 

Epoetin alfa (Erythropoietin) - Stimulates the body to make more red blood cells

 

Erythromycin - An antibiotic used to treat a bacterial infection; eye ointment to prevent eye infection

 

Fentanyl - Narcotic used for sedation, to treat pain, or for anesthesia, depending on dose

 

Ferrous Sulfate - Iron supplement

 

FFP (Fresh Frozen Plasma) - Blood product used to increase blood pressure; helps blood clot

 

Fluconazole - Used to treat a fungus infection

 

Furosemide (Lasix) - Increases urine (diuretic)

 

Gentamicin - An antibiotic used to treat a bacterial infection

 

Heparin - Often added to IV fluids to prevent IV from clotting

 

HMF (Human Milk Fortifier) - Added to breast milk to increase calories

 

Hydrochlorothiazide - Increases urine (diuretic)

 

Ibuprofen(Motrin) - Used for pain

 

Indomethacin(Indocin) - Used to treat a Patent Ductus Arterious; also used to prevent bleeds in the head (IVH).

 

Insulin - Lowers blood sugar

 

Lorazepam(Ativan) - Used to treat seizures; used for sedation

 

Metoclopramide(Reglan) - Used to speed up stomach emptying

 

Metronidazole - An antibiotic used to treat a bacterial infection

 

Midazolam(Versed) - Used to sedate or relax a baby

 

Morphine - Used for pain management or sedation

 

Nafcillin - An antibiotic used to treat a bacterial infection

 

Naloxone - Used to reverse the action of narcotics

 

Nitric Oxide - An inhaled gas used to relax the blood vessles leading to the lungs

 

Nystatin - Used to treat a fungus infection of the mouth or on the skin

 

Packed Red Blood Cells - Used to replace red blood cells; increases blood volume

 

Palivizumab (Synagis) - Used to prevent Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)

 

Pancuronium (Pavulon) - Relaxes all muscles; prevents all movement Penicillin - An antibiotic used to treat a bacterial infection

 

Phenobarbital - Used to treat seizures or to relax the baby

 

Phenytoin(Dilantin) - Used to treat seizures

 

Polycose - Added to formula to increase calories

 

Ranitidine(Zantac) - Treats or prevents stomach ulcers or bleeding; makes stomach less acid

 

Sodium Bicarbonate - Makes blood less acid

 

Sodium Sulfacetamide Drops - Eye drops to treat eye infection

 

Sucrose - medication used for babies during times of painful procedures to relieve discomfort, such as blood work

 

Surfactants (Survanta or Curosurf) - Used to treat RDS

 

Spironolactone(Aladactone) - Increases urine (diuretic)

 

Tromethamine (THAM, Tris) - Makes blood less acid

 

Vancomycin - An antibiotic used to treat a bacterial infection

 

Vitamin K - Given after birth to prevent bleeding

 

Zidovudine (AZT) - Used to treat HIV (AIDS virus) infection

 

Zosyn - An antibiotic used to treat a bacterial infection