It was the first city in the U.S. to be named Springfield.
Basketball was invented here in 1891, using peach baskets and a soccer ball.
It was chosen by General George Washington to be the site of the nation's first armory.
Famous residents include, Dr. Seuss (Theodor Seuss Geisel), Milton Bradley, Timothy Leary and Kurt Russell.
It boasts the second-largest concentration of institutions of higher learning in New England, after Greater Boston.